Shadow

Father of the California Wine Industry

Father of the California Wine Industry

Hungarian nobleman leaves indelible mark’

Agosto Haraszthy left his mark wherever he went.

After serving as a member of the Hungarian Royal Guard of Francis I,

Emperor of Austria-Hungary in 1830,

he was forced to flee Europe for fear of being branded a revolutionary.

In 1842, he returned to Hungary and convinced his father to liquidate his considerable estate

so that the entire family could emigrate to the United States.

Wisconsin, they were among the best-capitalized immigrants of the 19th century.

Along with his other business investments,

Haraszthy began agricultural experiments and achieved considerable success in sheep farming

and hop cultivation.

Father of the California Wine Industry
Father of the California Wine Industry

Father of the California Wine Industry

Quality vineyards of his native Hungary.

The pull of the western frontier attracted the Haraszthy family,

and they headed, in a caravan, to California in 1848.

Agosto was the head coach of the train, which included about sixty immigrants.

Without serious incident, the caravan reached Warner Hot Springs in San Diego County.

Colonel Jonathan Warner, a former militiaman who established Warner Hot Springs in 1844,

briefed Haraszthy on agriculture and politics in the San Diego area. A scant 650 people,

mainly cowboys, Yankee sailors who had abandoned ship,

and a few Mormon soldiers from the Mormon Battalion, populated San Diego.

Haraszthy family now included his wife, six children,

his father and stepmother, and Thomas W. Sutherland,

a former US attorney for the Wisconsin Territory, who was now Haraszthy half-brother.

The Polish immigrant bought land adjacent to Mission San Luis Rey and,

with his sons Attila and Arpad, first planted a large fruit orchard.

With Don Juan Bandini, Haraszthy established the first regularly scheduled omnibus transit system

and established a livery stable. He established a very profitable butcher shop.

With other real estate speculators, he helped establish the Middletown subdivision.

Father of the California Wine Industry
Father of the California Wine Industry

Father of the California Wine Industry

His stepbrother, Tom Sutherland, became San Diego’s first city attorney.

Haraszthy was successful in securing funding for the expansion of the San Diego port and the county’s first public hospital.

He was the first legislator to introduce legislation to divide California into two states;

North and south.

desert lands of San Diego offered.

In early 1852, he purchased 210 acres near San Francisco’s Mission

Dolores. He moved the whole family there at the end of the Assembly Session.

Haraszthy remarkable achievements did not stop.

He introduced the red wine grape “Zinfandel” and the raisin “Muscat of Alexandria” to California.

He invented an efficient gold refining process and was a founding partner of

Eureka Gold and Silver Refining Company.

The company became one of the San Francisco Mint’s major contract refiners.

Father of the California Wine Industry
Father of the California Wine Industry

Father of the California Wine Industry

He developed the first large, high-quality grape vineyard at Crystal Springs in San Mateo County.

On this new ranch, Haraszthy designed and laid out a nursery and horticultural garden,

which he called Los Flores.

With the help of his son, he planted fruit trees and shrubs imported from the east.

Around the same time,

he received a shipment of six select rooted vines and 160 cuttings from Hungary.

In the shipment, there were two small packages.

topography and soil were very similar to the high-quality vineyards in his Hungarian homeland.

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